March 20, 2014
Article by Global Pre-Meds
Hospital doctor shadowing & global health experience programs.
In the 1990s, the World Bank began work to set priorities for disease control and to find cost-effective ways to facilitate healthcare interventions in developing countries. By 1993, the World Bank published the first edition of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (DCP1) which was written with the cooperation and help of the World Health Organization (WHO).
These medical publications focus on putting together comprehensive data on low to middle income healthcare situations in developing countries. This information helps healthcare organizations, IGOs, NGOs and other charitable organisations to put in place cost-effective healthcare strategies for patients and communities the world over. The data provided by the DCPP publications are essential to policymakers, academic institutions and international healthcare development agencies around the world.
To provide effective aid in the healthcare sector, organisations need to be aware of the burden of disease that affects the developing countries around the world. Authors who contribute to the reports published by the DCPP include health economists, scientists, academicians, epidemiologists, doctors and public health professionals from more than 100 countries.
Information published about the burden of disease, not only includes the costs of medicines and income losses, but also includes the causes of these burdens and diseases. Included in the reports are factors that add to the burden such as tobacco and drug use, injuries, psychiatric disorders, and alcohol abuse. All these factors add to the burden of illnesses and economic burdens on people in developing countries.
From the information gathered by researchers, doctors and other people involved in collecting data for the DCPP reports, health organizations are able to help prevent diseases, improve treatments and indicate priorities in policies. The publications provide organizations with information on how to improve strategies, healthcare intervention and policies for the betterment of developing communities.
The world’s sick and ailing patients benefit from these studies and reports when healthcare organizations can identify deficiencies in the healthcare systems of the world. For example, they can determine reasons why cancer or AIDS patients do not have access to effective pain relief when there are medicines that can ease their burden of pain become evident. Once the drawbacks have been identified, steps can be taken to resolve these barriers.
There are many issues in the health sector that prevent patients from receiving proper and effective treatments for a wide variety of diseases. Most issues come from the cost of medicines and treatment, inaccessibility to the source of treatments, and political or cultural barriers. There is tremendous scope for health professionals to make a difference in improving the world’s health system by studying the sources and issues that plague the world’s healthcare structures.