Paediatrics – Specialty and Sub-Specialty Information

April 4, 2014

Article by Global Pre-Meds
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Paediatrics – Specialty & Sub-Specialty Information

Shadow doctors delivering twins! Paediatrics

Paediatrics deals with the physical, emotional, and social health of children from birth to young adulthood. Paediatricians are involved not only with the physical well-being of their patients but also with the early detection, prevention and management of behavioural, developmental and functional social problems of their young wards while keeping in mind the biological, social, and environmental influences on the developing child as well as with the impact of dysfunction or disease on development. 

Subspecialties of Paediatrics

Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine

Adolescent Medicine

Child Abuse

Developmental-Behavioural Paediatrics

Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology

Medical Toxicology

Neurodevelopmental Disabilities

Paediatric Cardiology, Paediatrics

Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine – A Neonatologist is responsible for caring for critically ill newborns, particularly premature infants. These specialists diagnose and treat newborns with conditions that range from infections and breathing disorders to birth defects. They are responsible for medically managing premature, critically ill newborns and treating and stabilising newborns with any life-threatening medical problems and those in need of surgery immediately after birth. These specialists work mainly in newborn intensive care units of hospitals or special care nurseries.

Paediatric Cardiology – Paediatric cardiologists provide comprehensive care to young children with cardiovascular problems. This specialist is skilled in the clinical evaluation of cardiovascular disease in young children.

Adolescent Medicine -A paediatrician who specialises in adolescent medicine is essentially a multi-disciplinary healthcare specialist. These specialists are trained in the unique physical, social and psychological characteristics of adolescents, their healthcare problems and needs.

Paediatric Critical Care Medicine- Paediatric Critical Care Medicine deals with advanced life support for children from the term or near-term neonate to adolescent. This skill extends to the critical care management of life-threatening organ system failure from any cause and to the support of vital physiological functions.

Paediatric Haematology-Oncology – In this sub-specialty, paediatricians are trained in the combination of paediatrics, haematology and oncology to identify, manage and treat blood disorders and cancerous diseases in their paediatric patients.

Paediatric Gastroenterology -A paediatrician gastroenterologist specialises in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the digestive systems of infants, children and adolescents. This specialist treats conditions such as jaundice, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, ulcers and cancer, and performs complex diagnostic and therapeutic procedures using lighted scopes to see internal organs.

Paediatric Endocrinology – A paediatric endocrinologist provides expert care to infants, children and adolescents suffering from diseases such as diabetes mellitus, birth defects, growth failure, early or late pubertal development and disorders of the thyroid, the pituitary and adrenal glands.

Paediatric Rheumatology – A paediatric rheumatologist manages and treats diseases of joints, tendons, muscles and bones. They diagnose and treat back pain, muscle strains, arthritis and common athletic injuries.

Paediatric Infectious Diseases – This sub-specialty deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of infectious diseases in children.

Paediatric Nephrology – A paediatric nephrologist deals with the normal and abnormal development and maturation of the kidney and urinary tract, hypertension the assessment and treatment of renal diseases, and renal replacement therapy.

Paediatric Pulmonology – This specialty deals with preventing, managing and treating of all types of respiratory diseases that affect infants, children, and young adults.

Paediatric Transplant Hepatology – A paediatrician who specialises in transplant hepatology cares for patients before and after hepatic transplantation.

Paediatric Sports Medicine – A paediatric sports medicine specialist is responsible for continuous care in the field of sports medicine from the prevention of injury and illness to the enhancement of health and fitness. Knowledge about special areas of medicine such as exercise physiology, nutrition, psychology, biomechanics, physical rehabilitation, physical evaluation, epidemiology, treatment and prevention of injuries and the role of exercise in promoting a healthy life style are essential attributes in this specialty.