Anaesthesiology – Specialty And Sub-Specialty Information

April 8, 2014

Article by Global Pre-Meds
Hospital doctor shadowing & global health experience programs.

See current opportunities

Anaesthesiology- Specialty & Sub-Specialty Information

observing surgery in Tanzania Anaesthesiology

An anaesthesiologist is a highly trained professional who is trained to provide pain relief and to maintain a stable condition during and immediately following an operation or any diagnostic or obstetric procedure. The anaesthesiologist’s primary purpose and concern is to protect the patient’s well-being and safety just prior to, during and after any surgical procedure. Anaesthesiologists have multiple responsibilities. They perform pre-operative assessment of patients to determine conditions that could create possible complications during surgery and are responsible for managing pain and emotional stress during surgical and obstetrical procedures.  They are also responsible for providing life support under the stress of anaesthesia and surgery and for immediate postoperative care of the patient.  Anaesthesiologists have in-depth knowledge of drugs and their interactions with various anaesthetic agents.

Subspecialties of Anaesthesia

Orthopaedic Anaesthesia

Ambulatory Anaesthesia

Critical Care Anaesthesia

Neurosurgical Anaesthesia

Paediatric Anaesthesia

Obstetric Anaesthesia

Pain Medicine

Orthopaedic Anaesthesiology – An orthopaedic anaesthesiologist provides anaesthesia for orthopaedic procedures.  Orthopaedic anaesthesiologists are trained to administer safe anaesthesia for the broad array of routine and challenging orthopaedic procedures, from joint replacement and reconstructive orthopaedic surgery to major spine surgery, extremity surgery, total joint arthroplasty procedures and surgery for all orthopaedic subspecialty areas. This subspecialty also deals with paediatric anaesthesia, pain management and post-operative comfort of patients who have just undergone an orthopaedic procedure.

Ambulatory Anaesthesiology Ambulatory anaesthesiology ensures the safety of patients during procedures in an outpatient setting. The ambulatory anaesthesiologist must first determine if the procedure for a particular patient can be safely performed in the outpatient setting. Following appropriate evaluation, the ambulatory anaesthesiologist will provide an anaesthetic that is most conducive to a high level of safety as well as a smooth recovery, so that the patient can go home the same day. In the recovery room, the ambulatory anaesthesiologist will ascertain whether or not the patient is ready to be released from the hospital or whether the patient should remain and possibly be admitted for further diagnosis and treatment in the hospital. The presence of anaesthesiologists in the ambulatory setting is becoming more commonplace and is gaining increasing popularity.

Critical Care Anaesthesiology – Critical care anaesthesiologists are trained to provide anaesthesia to patients undergoing a wide range of procedures, from general surgery and neurosurgery to thoracic, vascular, trauma and cardiac surgery.

Neurosurgical Anaesthesiology – Neurosurgical anaesthesiology deals with providing anaesthesia care for a wide variety of neurosurgical and neuro-radiological procedures.

Paediatric Anaesthesiology – Paediatric anaesthesiology is the subspecialty of anaesthesiology devoted to the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative anaesthetic care of paediatric patients.

Obstetric Anaesthesiology – Obstetric anaesthesiologists specialise in providing comprehensive anaesthetic care for women during pregnancy and the puerperium.

Pain Medicine – An anaesthesiologist who specialises in pain medicine, receives training in providing a high level of care for patients experiencing problems with acute, chronic and/or cancer pain in both hospital and ambulatory settings. Patient care needs may also be coordinated with other specialists.