October 10, 2014
Article by Global Pre-Meds
Hospital doctor shadowing & global health experience programs.
These statistics cannot be ignored and almost all international aid organisations have put in place measures to reduce this glaring disparity. One of these is the UNICEF.
This is tied in with their goal to reduce child mortality. Healthy children need healthy mothers. When a mother dies in childbirth, it lowers her child’s chances of survival.
The factors that result in maternal deaths in poorer countries are varied and complex. Poverty, illiteracy, lack of proper medical care and non-existent sanitary facilities all play a part in contributing to the statistics.
The direct causes of maternal deaths include hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, haemorrhage, obstructed labour, complications of unsafe abortion and infections.
Another risk to expectant women in these countries is malaria. Malaria is common in tropical countries and contracting the disease can lead to anaemia, which increases the risk for maternal and infant mortality and developmental problems for babies.
In addition, there are also several birth-related disabilities that affect some women and which go untreated, such as injuries to organs, pelvic muscles or the spinal cord. Nutritional deficiencies contribute to low birth weight and birth defects as well.
HIV infection is an increasing threat too and has become a major cause of maternal mortality in many countries in Southern Africa that are highly affected. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV in resource-poor settings continues to be a growing problem. Up to 45% of HIV-infected mothers transmit the infection to their children.
The fact remains that most of these pregnancy and childbirth related disabilities and deaths are mainly due to insufficient care during pregnancy and delivery. With the proper care, most of these deaths would be preventable. Access to skilled professional care during pregnancy, childbirth and the first few months after delivery is the key to saving these women’s lives and those of their children.