Explore different physiotherapy specialities – Part 2

December 8, 2014

Article by Global Pre-Meds
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Clinical electrophysiology

This speciality involves using electrodes on the body for therapeutic purposes. As a clinical electrophysiologist, you will deal with two very different patient demographics. Most patients who you work with will be individuals who are highly active and whose lifestyles or work conditions have led to disorders. The other patient demographic you will work with are individuals who have experienced a higher degree of trauma, such as war veterans, car accident victims or casualties of a natural disaster.

Some of the common diagnoses you will encounter in this speciality include carpal tunnel syndrome, nerve compressions, trauma victims and accident victims.


A Gap Medics student brings a smile to the pediatrics ward in TanzaniaWorking as a paediatric physiotherapist requires highly specialised skills and techniques. Young patients have special requirements. Their physiotherapy and general healthcare plans need to be continuously updated in keeping with their on-going growth and development. Younger children need consistent and continuous help in several areas depending on their mobility restrictions as well as their growth stage. Some of the responsibilities of a paediatric physiotherapist include increasing fitness levels, improving coordination, developing gross and fine motor skills and building strength. You will also be responsible for early detection of physical issues to ensure the best treatment outcome.

Common conditions you will be treating in this speciality include developmental delays, spina bifida and cerebral palsy.


Women’s health

Women have distinctly different needs in many areas of medicine including physiotherapy. Women’s health physiotherapists are specially trained in the many nuances of women’s healthcare and therapy. If you become certified in this speciality, part of your responsibility would include assessing and treating women across all ages and in all stages of life.

Common diagnoses you will encounter in this speciality include prenatal and postpartum depression, osteoporosis, pelvic pain, lymphedema and urinary incontinence.


A geriatric physiotherapist helps elderly patients work towards alleviating their discomfort, restoring mobility and increasing activity levels in order to be more independent and live a better quality life.

Osteoporosis, arthritis, cancer and incontinence are some of the more common conditions you will treat in this speciality.

Qualification and training requirements

To practice as a physiotherapist in the UK, you must meet two mandatory requirements as laid down by the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC):

  1. You must complete an HCPC approved programme in physiotherapy
  2. You must register with the HCPC

Here are some of the HCPC-approved physiotherapy programmes:



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Gap Medics provides year-round hospital work experience for people aged 16 and over. Our shadowing placements offer a unique insight into the work of doctors, nurses, midwives, and dentists – helping students to focus their career aspirations before embarking upon medical training.