A Brief History Of The UNICEF And What It DoesMarch 20, 2014
The Early Days
The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was established in December 11, 1946 by the United Nations General Assembly. Its main goal at that time was to supply food and dried milk to hungry children in China, Europe and the Middle East and to offer humanitarian assistance to mothers and children in third world countries.
The UNICEF program was so successful, by the year 1953 it had become a permanent part of the United Nations System and its acronym, UNICEF, became the organisation’s official name. Shortly after 1953, the UNICEF started working for the protection, survival and development of boys and girls in 190 nations and regions around the globe. The organisation was awarded the Nobel Peace prize in 1965 and the Prince of Asturias Award in 2006 for its ongoing work for under-served children around the world.
Funds are raised in different ways to sustain the organisation’s mission to help every child whose lives are at risk. It secures money from donations and tries to engage as many people as possible to volunteer in fund raising events and programs as well as to ask them for donations.
UNICEF’s international presence
The organisation operates in 190 countries and regions with 17 regional offices that provide technological know-how to other UNICEF agencies. Most of the governments in these countries develop programs with UNICEF. The organisation is managed from its headquarters in New York.
What UNICEF does
Its initial objective of the organisation was to provide emergency healthcare and food to children and mothers affected during World War II. Now, it strives to improve and save the lives around the world by providing healthcare, clean water, immunisation, sanitation, emergency relief and education to children in need.
UNICEF’s main goal today is to eradicate child death due to malnutrition, hunger, unsanitary conditions and preventable disease. The organisation is dedicated to do whatever it takes to save the lives of children around the world. It will go through great lengths to negotiate ceasefires in war zones to deliver food, medicines and water to locations that are hard to reach.
The organisation’s leaders, doctors, staff and volunteers work hand-in-hand with international corporations, governments, civic leaders, school groups, religious organisations, and celebrities to bring assistance to children in need.
Income and funding
The organisation relies on government contributions and donations from private citizens. In the early days of 2008, UNICEF’s income was recorded as an impressive $3,372,540,239. Two thirds of the total revenue came from government contributions, while the rest came from private individuals and the National Committees. More than 90 percent of the income is distributed to UNICEF’s program services that focus on developing community services that offer healthcare to children.
Volunteering at UNICEF
UNICEF accepts volunteers in the medical and dental field who can provide healthcare to millions of children around the world. Physicians, nurses, medical assistants and dentists who volunteer their time and skills may be assigned to different parts of the world. Other professionals and skilled healthcare professionals can also donate their time through the United Nations Volunteers for UNICEF program.