Sub-Specialties Within Medical Imaging

May 8, 2015

Spend some time shadowing professionals in Radiology Medical imaging technology is used in healthcare settings to provide a view into a patient’s body for diagnostic purposes. Medical imaging technologists work with various types of equipment to create images so that physicians can make an accurate diagnosis of a patient’s condition. Those who work in hospitals usually work in the radiology department. They may sometimes also be required to be present in an operating theatre or use mobile units at a patient’s bedside.

 In addition to producing imaging, part of the job also involves preparing patients for imaging procedures, keeping patient records and maintaining imaging equipment. An important aspect in this specialty is the need to take proper

The job may be physically demanding, as technicians may sometimes need to help move patients to get the required view.

If you are interested in working in the field of medical imaging, there are several sub-specialties that you can choose from. These jobs typically require an associate or bachelor’s degree. If you have prior medical training, you may only need to complete a one-year complementary program.

X-Ray Technician

X-Ray technicians or radiographers specialise in producing images of patients in order to diagnose conditions such as fractured bones and oral diseases. They work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, physician’s offices, emergency rooms and dentist clinics. Because X-ray machines emit radiation, which could be dangerous, it is the X-ray technician’s responsibility to put proper measures in place to protect both themselves and their patients. This is usually done through the use of protective clothing such as lead vests.

The average annual salary range for an X-Ray technician is between AU$52,215 and AU$75,000.

MRI Technician

MRI technicians specialise in operating MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) machines. These are huge machines that use magnetic and radio waves to scan a patient’s entire body. MRI machines are used to look for abnormalities in soft tissue such as the brain and other organs that do not show up in X-rays.

The average annual salary range for an MRI technician is between AU$70,000 and AU$90,000.

Mammogram Technician Or Mammogram Technologist

Mammogram technicians use specially designed mammography machines that use low-dose X-Rays to examine breast tissue for the presence of any type of disease-causing abnormalities such as tumors, cysts or lesions. In this role, you could be responsible for creating clear, readable images that can be used by oncologists or other physicians to make an informed diagnosis.

The average annual salary range for an Mammogram technician is between AU$81,000 and AU$85,000

CT Technician or Ct Technologist

A CT technician use large X-ray machines called Computerised Tomography (CT) scanners to produce a series of three-dimensional images of a patient’s body. These types of scans are most frequently ordered to look for the presence of tumours or cancerous tissue in different parts of the body. Because this machine produces large doses of radiation, CT technicians usually operate it remotely from an adjoining room.

The average annual salary range for a CT technician is between AU$88,000 and AU$107,000.


A sonographer specialises in operating machines and equipment that use sound waves to produce images of the human body for diagnostic purposes.

The average annual salary range for a sonographer is between AU$60,000 and AU$93,000.